What does pressure 100 over 60 mean and should you see a doctor?

Normal blood pressure levels have long been determined by the World Health Organization and we are not talking about the notorious 120 to 80 mmHg. An adequate level is in the range of 100-140 by 60-80 mm, and these are not hard numbers.

According to research, these levels may shift slightly in one direction or another, depending on the individual characteristics of a particular person’s body. A whole group of heterogeneous factors affecting the constant or so-called operating pressure level should be taken into account.

A blood pressure of 100 over 60 is quite normal in most cases. But even here you need to build on the individual norm of a particular person. There are quite possible options.

So, in a chronic hypertensive patient and a patient on the verge of hypertension, readings of 100 to 60 mmHg will cause a clear deterioration in general well-being, this is hypotension.

If we are talking about another category of patients, it is quite possible that the indicated level is a variant of the norm. It is possible to say unequivocally only after specialized research.

Normal blood pressure parameters

Blood pressure (BP) indicates the strength of myocardial contraction and arterial tone. Indicators change with diseases of the kidneys, thyroid gland, and also during pregnancy. The pressure rate is determined by three parameters:

  • Upper or systolic blood pressure indicates the strength of contraction of the myocardium - the heart muscle.
  • The lower value is diastolic blood pressure, indicating the degree of tension of the vascular walls in the period between heartbeats.
  • The difference between the top and bottom numbers is called pulse pressure.

Myocardial contractility affects the level of systolic blood pressure. The lower figure directly depends on the tone of the artery walls, as well as on the volume of circulating blood.

Important! Pulse pressure normally varies from 35 to 50 mm. For young and healthy people, the ideal difference is 40 mm. Deviations of the indicator towards a decrease or increase indicate a pathology that requires treatment.

In medicine, normal pressure is considered to be 120 to 80 mm. RT. Art. Cardiologists use the term working pressure at which a person feels comfortable. But numbers above 140 over 90 mean arterial hypertension, and below 90 over 60 – hypotension.

Which doctor should I contact?

If you have a problem with blood pressure fluctuations, you should contact a cardiologist. The doctor will conduct a medical examination and prescribe conservative treatment according to an individual plan, taking into account an analysis of the actual indicators of the body as a whole.

Read also: Normal diastolic pressure

To clarify the reasons, visit a therapist and neurologist. A comprehensive study and diagnosis will allow you to quickly determine the correct cause of the pathology and prescribe effective treatment in accordance with the needs of the body.

For whom 100 by 60 mm RT. Art. – norm

For most young people, mainly women, a constant pressure of 100 over 60 is normal. This indicator occurs:

  • with normal or low weight,
  • for non-smokers,
  • athletes,
  • physically active,
  • with constitutional features.

Important! If 100 to 60 remains constant, and there are no complaints and you feel good, there is no need to take therapeutic measures. This blood pressure value does not pose any danger.

General recommendations

Additional means that increase blood pressure are maintaining a healthy lifestyle - you should not smoke or drink alcohol.

Sleep at least 8-9 hours a day. Good sleep contributes to proper rest of the whole body. It will also be useful to take a short rest for half an hour once a day to restore moral and physical strength.

To avoid problems with blood pressure, it is important to follow a sleep schedule.

To normalize blood pressure, it is worth reviewing your diet. Balance your menu with fortified foods.

Morning walks in the fresh air tone the body well. Avoid heavy physical overload and emotional stress.

To control blood pressure, measure your blood pressure with a tonometer at least once a day.

Short-term blood pressure lowering and first aid

In healthy individuals with normal blood pressure, the readings may drop to 100 to 60. The following factors contribute to this:

  • abruptly getting out of bed - orthostatic hypotension,
  • overheating in hot weather or on the beach,
  • dehydration,
  • standing on your feet for a long time,
  • staying in a stuffy room.

Therapeutic measures are provided when symptoms appear - darkening of the eyes, dizziness, pallor of the skin, severe weakness.

First aid:

  • Place the patient on his back without a pillow.
  • Raise your legs above your torso.
  • Give 20-30 drops of eleutherococcus extract, tincture of Schisandra chinensis or ginseng to drink.

Phytostimulants of plant origin increase blood pressure and improve cerebral circulation. If you don't have medicines at hand, call an ambulance. While waiting for doctors, give fluids to drink.

In case of hypotension due to dehydration, the volume of circulating blood is replenished by taking water, sweet tea, or compote. If your blood pressure drops after getting out of bed, coffee in the morning helps. For 2–3 weeks, it is recommended to take tonic herbal herbal preparations: eleutherococcus, lemongrass or ginseng in the first half of the day. The course of treatment is 2–4 weeks, 20 drops twice a day.

First aid for hypotensive crisis

To quickly raise your blood pressure, take a Citramon or Pantocrine tablet. The medicine stimulates cardiac activity, thereby providing vascular tone. It is impossible to take medications constantly, therefore, to normalize the condition, it is necessary to undergo a medical examination.

Citramon increases blood pressure

If you don't have medication on hand, drink a cup of hot tea or coffee and lie down with your feet slightly higher than your head. Free your chest from tight clothing - this will ensure free access of air.

Before the doctor arrives, you should not get up or engage in any physical activity.

Reducing blood pressure to 100 to 60 in older people

If such pressure appears at an advanced age or in persons suffering from hypertension, signs of circulatory failure develop:

  • darkening in the eyes,
  • nausea,
  • dizziness,
  • blurred vision,
  • pale skin,
  • severe weakness
  • drowsiness,
  • shallow breathing,
  • cold sweat,
  • depression,
  • fainting is possible.

See also: List of high blood pressure medications for older people

If the decrease in blood pressure is not associated with taking antihypertensive drugs, older people should consult a doctor. The reasons can be very different - cerebrovascular accident, the initial stage of myocardial infarction.

The main reasons for pressure 100/60

Low blood pressure may be completely natural and not cause any discomfort. This phenomenon is typical for young people, athletes accustomed to extreme stress, and residents of high mountain areas. It is especially common in women under 40 years of age. But due to insufficient blood supply to internal organs and the brain, the following symptoms may develop:

  • impaired concentration, memory impairment;
  • fast fatiguability;
  • dizziness;
  • often headache, throbbing pain, localized in the temporal or occipital zone;
  • nausea, possible vomiting;
  • violation of thermoregulation, numbness of the lower and upper extremities, chills.

Hypotension is a consequence of very diverse reasons:

  • poor nutrition;
  • low physical activity;
  • pregnancy;
  • diseases of the nervous or endocrine system;
  • allergic reactions;
  • dehydration;
  • blood loss;
  • taking certain medications (diuretics, antidepressants, antihypertensive drugs).

A sharp decrease in blood pressure from 100 to 60 - first aid

A person's blood pressure is 100 over 60 and is dangerous if it has dropped quickly from normal levels. This happens in the following cases:

  • blood loss after injury,
  • a consequence of prolonged lying position of the patient,
  • severe infections
  • diarrhea,
  • taking diuretics and antihypertensive drugs,
  • internal bleeding from the stomach or intestines,
  • physical exhaustion,
  • lowering blood glucose in diabetics,
  • allergic conditions,
  • paroxysmal tachycardia,
  • atrial fibrillation,
  • myocardial infarction,
  • taking drugs.

In such cases, emergency assistance is required. A sharp decrease in blood pressure is dangerous due to disruption of the blood supply to vital organs - the brain, heart.

What to do if your blood pressure drops quickly:

  • without wasting time, call an ambulance,
  • put the person on his back with his head down, while raising his legs,
  • In the hospital, during infections, doctors restore the volume of circulating blood with intravenous drips of saline. At the same time, antibiotics are used
  • in case of blood loss after injury, plasma and rehydrants are administered.

Important! Do not try to diagnose on the Internet and treat using traditional methods. Losing time can cost a person his life.

Reasons for the maximum permissible blood pressure norm

Pressure 100/60 may be secondary in nature when its drop is due to internal pathology.

With normal heart rate

Typically, a normal pulse corresponds to physiological hypotension, which is characteristic of:

  • asthenics;
  • inhabitants of the highlands, polar regions, tropics;
  • athletes.

There is no discomfort felt.

If the pulse is 90-100 beats/minute

Tachycardia due to hypotension is the result of a decrease in circulating blood volume, which occurs when:

  • dehydration of various origins;
  • bleeding of various etiologies with large blood loss;
  • burns;
  • liver and kidney diseases;
  • anaphylactic shock;
  • hypoglycemia;
  • panic attack.

A rapid pulse is a compensation for normal oxygen supply to vital organs or a reaction to myocardial conduction disturbances.

With bradycardia, pulse below 50 beats/minute

Low pulse with prehypotension is a common phenomenon and occurs:

  • if a person is hypothermic;
  • in any trimester of pregnancy;
  • in athletes;
  • in the elderly;
  • with pathology of the cardiovascular system (cardiosclerosis, ischemic disease, weakness of the sinus node);
  • poisoning;
  • infections;
  • hypothyroidism;
  • anemia.

Another cause of bradycardia may be a hereditary predisposition or allergy.

What to do if you have low blood pressure and a high heart rate

First of all, let's define it - the normal heart rate (HR) in adults varies from 60 to 90 beats per minute. The parameters depend on body position, time of day and physical activity. If the pressure is 100 over 60 and the pulse is 60, no measures need to be taken - these are normal parameters.

Completely different reasons can cause a blood pressure of 100 over 60 against the background of a pulse above 90 per minute. In most cases, tachycardia is observed with the following pathology:

  • heart disease,
  • state of shock
  • taking certain medications,
  • blood loss or dehydration
  • vegetative-vascular dystonia.

Treatment begins with a diagnosis. To do this, you need to see a doctor who will do an examination of the patient - an ECG, a blood sugar test. Important! Until the cause of tachycardia is determined, you should not take any medications for the “heart” - they can further lower your blood pressure and speed up your pulse.

If the person's condition is poor, call an ambulance. Therapeutic tactics depend on the cause that caused hypotension with tachycardia:

  • in case of shock, resuscitation measures are carried out,
  • in case of bleeding, cardiotonic drugs are indicated,
  • in case of a heart attack or dangerous arrhythmias of the patient, a complex of resuscitation measures is carried out.

For tachycardia in some patients, it is enough to adjust the dosage of regular medications. Rapid heartbeat caused by stress is relieved with sedatives.


Diagnosis of diseases of this type is carried out by cardiology specialists. If necessary, third-party doctors are involved, such as an endocrinologist or neurologist.

A systematic examination consists of eight procedures:

  • Assessment of patient complaints. Allows you to get an idea of ​​the symptoms of the pathological process. It is possible to use questionnaires.
  • Medical history examination. All somatic diseases, lifestyle, and physical activity characteristics are taken into account. Diet, drinking regime, etc.
  • Measuring pressure using a tonometer. It is carried out without fail on different hands with a difference of 10-15 minutes.
  • Daily measurement of blood pressure using a special Holter monitor.
  • Electrocardiography. Necessary for assessing the condition of the heart and its functional activity.
  • Encephalography to determine the nature of the brain and cerebral structures.
  • Blood tests for thyroid and pituitary hormones.
  • General blood test (or CBC).

This is enough in the system. A neurological assessment is also carried out, if necessary. Patient's mental status. After diagnosis, you can begin treatment.

Vegetovascular istonia

Often there is a blood pressure of 100 over 60 in combination with a pulse of 110 per minute with vegetative-vascular dystonia. With this disease, a person must be able to help himself. First of all, you need to relax and lie down with your legs elevated. A tincture of motherwort or valerian, or tea with mint will help you calm down. You cannot drink coffee or alcohol in this state.

Giving up bad habits will help prevent palpitations and low blood pressure during vegetative-vascular dystonia. Smoking and alcohol negatively affect the heart and nervous system. To get rid of the disease, it is recommended to reconsider your lifestyle - the body needs a full night's sleep and a balanced diet.

The complex of therapeutic measures includes various types of therapy:

  • To stimulate vascular tone, it is recommended to take a contrast shower daily.
  • Exercise, brisk walking, and swimming strengthen the heart and nervous system.
  • Drug treatment consists of drugs of various groups - sedatives, cardiometabolic, vasodilators and vitamin complexes.
  • Phytostimulants of plant origin are taken in courses of 2–3 weeks. Eleutherococcus, ginseng or Chinese schisandra drink 20-30 drops 2 times a day.
  • It is important to learn to control your emotions. If you are nervous, massage the anti-stress point located at the bottom of the chin.

Also, pay attention to the daily menu. A proper diet consists of meat, fish products, vegetables and fruits. Depleting diets sooner or later lead to disruption of the structure of the vascular wall, heart muscle and all other organs.

Therapeutic measures

No uniform treatment measures have been developed as such, due to the diversity of probable causes. Treatment is strictly etiological, aimed at eliminating the root cause of the pathological condition.

It is possible to carry out hormone replacement therapy for severe disorders of the pituitary gland, adrenal glands or thyroid gland. Other techniques are used depending on the specific clinical situation.

Symptomatic therapy consists of regularly taking tonic drugs, such as Citramon or aspirin. They allow you to safely raise blood pressure at home if the patient is not feeling well. Other medications are used less frequently and only at the discretion of a specialist.

It is important to adjust your diet, drinking regimen, and completely give up bad habits. Optimize your physical activity regimen and eliminate physical inactivity (sedentary lifestyle).

Signs of hypotension

Symptoms of hypotension are manifested not only by the characteristic throbbing headache in the temples and back of the head, nausea and vomiting, pale skin and profuse sweating. During attacks, you may feel dizzy or even faint.

The patient becomes weather-dependent, lethargic, weak and constantly tired. He constantly lacks air even with minor physical exertion. At the same time, performance, attention, and concentration decrease. Your health worsens, your limbs get cold in the heat, you constantly want to sleep.

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